Joseph Reinemann

Jakob Reinemann. München.
Knöbelstraße 14, Munich. Bavaria.
Steinzeug- und Porzellanmalerei, sowie Zinngießerei. / Stoneware & porcelain decorator, also pewterer

Jakob Reinemann (1831-1881) was born in Altenmuhr in Middle Franconia where a Jewish community had existed since the early 18th century. From 1867 onward, he was proprietor of the Glassworks Schliersee and registered a subsidiary at Knöbelstrasse 14 in the neighbourhood of Lehel in Munich in 1876, which was deregistered two years later. It was replaced by a "Glashandlung en gros"-a wholesale glass business-where, for the first time, decorated beer steins were sold. 

When Reinemann died at the age of just 50 in 1881, Otto Löwenstein (1859-1935) from Ellingen, who had moved to Munich in 1879, acquired his distant relative's company. In early 1882 he amended the entry in the registry but kept the name "J. Reinemann," and was granted permission to set up a pewter foundry in 1888. In 1897 he bought up a large number of pewter lid moulds from the assets of the bankrupt pewterware factory, Josef Lichtinger & Cie. By this time Löwenstein had already established a flourishing beer stein decorating business with Jakob Reinemann's company, marketing character steins such as the "Münchner Kindl" and "Shrapnel" models, brewery steins, and many others. From circa 1905 the company produced a range of steins based on Merkelbach & Wick blanks, using the designers of the day, i.e. Messrs HolweinMoos and Ringer. These were all marked , either under the handle or on the base with pen written G.Sch (Geschützt) or M.Sch (Musterschutz). 

Around 1910, Otto Löwenstein also began producing wooden toys and fashion accessories under his own name which were often based on drafts made by artists. Lyonel Feininger, for instance, designed toys and Franz Ringer bentwood boxes and "Räuchermännchen" (incense smokers) for Löwenstein. In 1914 Löwenstein sold the company "J. Reinemann" to Siegfried Berendt (1888-1947) and Lippmann Ullmann (1890-1973) but continued making wooden toys under his own name. In 1928 he moved his company called "Fa. Otto Löwenstein. Fabrik bemalter Holzgalanterie- und Spielzeugwaren" to Mauerkircherstraße 13 in the Bogenhausen neighborhood. He closed the company in 1932 and went into retirement.

Otto Löwenstein died in 1935 in Munich and was buried in the New Jewish Cemetery. Both of his sons, Alfred (1887-1964) and Karl (1888-1970), had already emigrated to the USA in 1933. Otto Löwenstein's widow, Mathilde, née Oppenheim (1868-1946), emigrated to the USA in 1936 and spent the rest of her life at her son Karl's, who was professor for law and political sciences in Amherst College, Massachusetts, United States.

Purchased stein bodies from:  Merkelbach & Wick, Marzi & Remy. F. Barth  Sachsenglas  C.G. Schierholz
Josef Reinemann lidded steins for the following designers and potteries:
Bruno Mauder  Theodor (Herrmann) Schmuz-Baudiss  Scharvogel Kunsttöpferei München  Walter Magnussen,  Ludwig Habich,
References: Character Steins Abcap  Digital Bibliothek  Adressbuch München 1874
Text supplied by Bernhard Purin, Director of the Jewish Museum, Munich.
Jakob Reinemann. München. 19-1-8-1JR / M touchmark on lid hinge pin.  This particular configuration has been seen on a Schierholz 0.3 litre Chinese Man (ECS275).
Josef Reinemann. München. 006Cast mark on the lid of a ceramic stein.
Josef Reinemann. München. 5 Cast mark on the base of a pewter stein.
Josef Reinemann. München. 04 Munchner Kindl. (ECS375) This Merkelbach & Wick #209 stein is also seen with L. Lichtinger impressed on the base.
Josef Reinemann. München. 14-3-4-2Kaiserhof lid on exported special order Sachsenglas stein.
Josef Reinemann. München. 14-3-4-1 Pewterer's touch mark on Kaiserhof lid hinge assembly.
Josef Reinemann. München. 13-4-8-1Manufactured by Merkelbach & Wick #209, (left)basemark on featured Müncher Kindl stein.
Joseph Reinemann 4
Josef Reinemann. München. 5
Josef Reinemann. München. 15-4-5-1 Beiblatt der Fliegenden Blätter, Nr. 2324, Erstes Blatt, CXII. Band (92th volume) München, den 9. February 1890 Translation: Legally protected  1/2 litre. Original, Newly available! Artillery Shell ~ Stoneware Stein. With fine pewter mounts In size and appearance corresponds exactly to the original.  Details ~ Sale price Mk. 6 Marks Available in all Glass Stores and Pewter Shops. For retailers from J. Reinemann, Pewter Works~Factory, Munich.

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